When making your sightseeing tours around Prague, you might need to get somewhere a bit further out of the centre. In these cases, while you can of course catch one of the city’s many cabs or an Uber, it is definitely cheaper and quite often much faster to use the Metro (this is sometimes also called the Subway or Underground, but in Czech it’s also “Metro”).
The Prague Metro, the “backbone” of Prague’s integrated transport (PIT, “PID” in Czech), consists of three lines and is the fastest means of transport in the capital. Not affected by the traffic situation or weather, the subway is an absolutely vital part of the Prague public transportation system.
History and Facts of Prague Metro (Subway)
Since 1974, Prague has been proud to belong among the world’s metropolises equipped with a metro. The Czech Republic’s capital is the only Czech city offering this means of transport. The history of Prague’s underground railroad reaches back to the 19th century, when the first voices started to talk about the need for this means of transport. Nevertheless, the war stopped the initial preparatory works, and the idea of the Prague Metro only came back to life in the 1960s.
The first Prague metro line led from the “Sokolovská” station (today called “Florenc”) to “Kačerov” station. It was 6.6 km long with 9 stations. Nowadays, the Prague metro consists of three lines (A, B and C):
- GREEN LINE “A” The first one, also called (and marked) “Green” (A) connects the North-West and East of Prague, going from the “Nemocnice Motol” station (where the biggest Czech health-care institution is located) to “Depo Hostivař”.
- YELLOW LINE “B” The “Yellow” line (B) leads through the centre, from South-West to North-East, with large shopping malls at both ends (“Zličín” and “Černý Most”).
- RED LINE “C” The “Red” line (C) goes through the right-bank side of the city, in the North-South direction. There is yet another big shopping centre at one end of it (“Letňany”), and the other end-station (“Háje”) is located in a large settlement area.
In total, there are 57 stations (three of them transit ones), connected with roughly 60 kilometres of (mostly underground) railway. During the morning rush hours, transport is secured with almost 450 vehicles. Recent research found that the Prague Metro transported 1 272 143 passengers in one day, and the number gets higher every year.
The metro is definitely the fastest means of transport in Prague, and with over a million passengers a day, it is the seventh busiest underground in Europe. It might reach an even higher position soon, since it has grown recently with plans for further development.
Free Map of Prague Metro (Subway)
You can also download this map to your computer or phone for free and have it printed:
Practical Info & Tips: Opening Hours, Purchasing Tickets, Airport etc.
The Prague Metro operates daily from 4 a. m. until midnight. You can purchase the tickets directly at the entrances to the stations, from the yellow ticket vending machines, at ticket offices located in some stations, at some newsstands, and at tourist information centres. A ticket valid for 90 minutes costs 32 CZK, and the cheapest one is for 30 minutes (24 CZK). A tourist ticket valid for 24 hours costs 110 CZK, and for 3 days 310 CZK.
You can find detailed info on the tickets in the table below:
|Ticket (Validity)||Adults||Children & Seniors*||Age 0-6 or 70+**|
|Short-term (30 min.)||24 CZK||16 CZK||0 CZK|
|Basic (60 min.)||32 CZK||12 CZK||0 CZK|
|One-day (24 hrs.)||110 CZK||55 CZK||0 CZK|
|Three-day (72 hrs.)||310 CZK||N/A||0 CZK|
*Children aged 6 – 15 and seniors 65 – 70 with valid PIT card
**Children aged 0 – 6 and seniors over 70 years don’t need any ticket
Source: Official Prague Public Transportation Pricelist
If you want to use the Metro to travel to the Airport, take the A line to “Dejvická” station, followed by bus no. 119, or line B to “Zličín” followed by bus no. 100.GOOGLE MAPS The easiest way to handle the metro (and public transport in general) in Prague without getting lost is by using Google Maps, which contains all the latest schedules and connections. You can simple enter your destination and check the available options including travel times. This works both on desktop and mobile devices. Unfortunately, the ticket cost is not displayed, so you’ll need to calculate it manually.