Walking through the centre of Prague, you will often hear the signature jingling sound of streetcars. Trams are an inherent part of the Czech Republic’s capital, where Public Transit Co. Inc operates the largest tram-line system in the country, with almost 1,000 trams.
Prague’s tram network operates on around 150 kilometres of double tracks with 1435 mm track gauge. There are around 600 tram stops on 35 regular tram lines (26 during the day and 9 at night), plus one special. The line no. 91 is a historical one, operating during weekends and holidays and connecting “Vozovna Střešovice” station (a tram depot) with “Výstaviště Holešovice” station, where the famous Prague exhibition and fair area is located.
History and Facts of Prague Tram (Streetcar) Transport
Of all the passengers transported in Prague, about 25 % are allocated to trams. So, about 350 million passengers are transported by trams in the capital every year. In 2014, for example, Prague trams transported 356.9 million passengers. The Prague Public Transit Co. Inc., completely owned by the city, is the operator of the tram network.
All tramway passenger coaches are visibly marked with the number of the line, and on the sides you can also find info tables with the most important stations on the route. Older coaches have plastic or metal information boards, while the more modern ones are equipped with electronic displays.
Of course, at each tram stop you can find the schedule of the line. If the line connects to a metro station, it is marked with a specific symbol (the letter “M” in a triangle). Some of the stations nowadays also have electronic displays, showing when the next tram is arriving. The intervals differ a lot, depending on the location, peak hours, and whether it’s a weekend or national holiday. The name of the next stop is always announced by a digitally operated call inside.
The history of public transport in Prague reaches back to 1875, and he first Czech electrically powered tram was brought into service in 1891. It was in the Prague quarter “Letná”, and František Křižík, the famous Czech inventor, electrical engineer and entrepreneur, contributed to it greatly.
Prague’s tram system has numerous interesting curiosities. For example, there are some operational lockouts pretty much all time, because reconstruction and refurbishment works are constantly taking place somewhere. Also, trams have their own museum in Prague. More precisely, it is a general public transport museum, but located in the tram depot in Prague-Střešovice. To get to the museum, you can take the historical tram on line no. 91.
If you’re lucky you can ride with the latest model of tram, called Skoda 15T (or ForCity), which offers luxurious seats and free Wi-Fi to all passengers. This tram typically operates on line no. 9. Another world class curiosity is the famous lubricating tram, which looks like a tram pickup truck. It’s purpose is to spread oil over the rails in Prague.
Free Map of Prague’s Tram Network (Streetcar)
You can download map of Prague’s tram lines to you computer or phone for free and have it printed:
Practical Info & Tips: Opening Hours, Purchasing Tickets, Airport etc.
You needs to buy a ticket to travel by a tram, before getting on board. You can get your ticket from one of many yellow ticket vending machines, located at the entrances to metro stations, at ticket offices (at some metro stations), at newsstands (but not all of them), or at tourist information centres. A ticket valid for 90 minutes costs 32 CZK, and the cheapest one is for under 30 minutes (24 CZK). A tourist ticket for 24 hours costs 110 CZK and for 3 days 310 CZK.
You can find detailed info on the tickets in the table below:
|Ticket (Validity)||Adults||Children & Seniors*||Age 0-6 or 70+**|
|Short-term (30 min.)||24 CZK||16 CZK||0 CZK|
|Basic (60 min.)||32 CZK||12 CZK||0 CZK|
|One-day (24 hrs.)||110 CZK||55 CZK||0 CZK|
|Three-day (72 hrs.)||310 CZK||N/A||0 CZK|
*Children aged 6 – 15 and seniors 65 – 70 with valid PIT card
**Children aged 0 – 6 and seniors past 70 years don’t need any ticket
Source: Official Prague Public Transportation Pricelist
The daily tram lines typically operate from 5 a.m. to midnight. If you miss the last daily tram then don’t worry, there is also a night service. The night lines operate from 1 a.m. to 4 a.m., but their intervals are much longer, usually around 40 minutes. You can find schedules on each tram station.
Unfortunately, no tram line leads to Prague Airport, but if you want to use one to travel there the rails will take you as far as “Dejvická” station, where you can switch to bus no. 119.